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高考英语语法填空解题技巧

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  语法填空是一种能够全面检测学生在的词法、句法和逻辑能力的新题型。该题型有两种基本形式,一为零提示,二为提示。由于很多学生的语法知识和语法分析能力比较薄弱,该题型也属于失分的重灾区。我校现将该题型的解题技巧和解题重点加以总结并分享给大家,希望对您有所裨益。


  一、零提示题型


  零提示题型由于考点分散和理解偏差,难度较大。但若熟悉零提示题型的考察重点,此类题的难度将大大降低。


  考点一:介词


  英语常见介词有in/ on/ at/ over/ during/ under/ behind/ for/through/ from/ since/ before/ by/ till/ until/ after/ within/ between/ among/ above/ below/ near/ of/ about/ with/ like/ as/ against/ except/ in spite of/ despite等。掌握各个介词用法是做题的基础。由于篇幅所限,此处不再赘述。仅将重点介词特殊用法列举如下:


  1. In the tree 外来物、 On the tree 树上生长的


  2. On the bus/ plane/ boat/ ship


  In the car


  Get off the plane/ bus


  Get out of the car


  3. On the river 在……畔


  4. Over


  a. 通过;穿越


  They are walking over the bridge.


  b. 在……期间


  We talked this over over a cup of tea.


  over/ during a meeting


  5. On + 身体部位,表示使用


  He stood on his head and sang a song.


  The dog can walk on two legs.


  6. After 追逐;追求


  Run after fame and fortune 追名逐利


  7. Between 两两之间


  The rabbit jumped away between trees.


  考点二:地点副词或方位副词


  The tension is on.


  I’m home/ abroad/ here.


  The animals ran away.


  考点三:冠词


  1. 某个、一个 a/an


  这个、这些 the


  2. 固定搭配


  The same ...


  Come to an end


  Come to a standstill


  Come to a stop


  Make a fire


  At a depth of ...


  At an altitude of ...


  考点四:逻辑副词/ 连词


  Therefore、 thus、 however、but、 and、Otherwise、 instead、consequently、or


  But we think otherwise.


  It was only one day left,however,his father had no idea to answer him.


  考点五:连词


  1. That/ Which


  a. 先行词包括人和物时


  b. 先行词受形容词最高级、序数词、the only/ the very等修饰时


  c. 先行词为不定代词时


  2. That/ which/ What


  That 不做成分


  Which强调范围


  We don’t know which sort this species belong to.


  考点六:不定代词


  Neither、none、both、either、someone、anyone、most


  考点七:固定搭配


  His boss was so angry as to fire him.


  The US consists of fifty states.


  考点八:逻辑关系


  对逻辑关系的考察,既可以是副词、介词等虚词,也可以是动词名词等实词。学生一定要结合语境,仔细谨慎判断。


  Tony likes travelling abroad,but dislikes staying home watching TV.


  二:提示题型


  考点一:人称代词


  主要考察人称代词的宾格做表语和名词性物主代词。


  1. --- Who’s it?


  --- It’s him.


  2. --- Whose is this book?/ Whose book is this?


  --- It’s hers.


  考点二:数词


  主要考察基数词变序数词和基数词表示序数词概念。


  Nine Ninety Nineteen Ninth


  Four Forty Fourteen


  Twenty --- twentieth


  I’m in Class Two.


  基数词表示序数词概念时,名词和数词的首字母都要大写。


  考点三:形容词


  主要考察


  a. 变副词


  He really jumps very _____ (high)


  He went _____ (straight/ direct) to the room.


  本身为副词的表示具体。


  加-ly构成副词之后表示抽象。


  We went directly to the cause of the accident.


  High/ wide/ straight/ direct


  b. 变比较级、最高级


  It couldn’t be better.


  否定的比较级出现在含有情态动词的否定句中时,表示最高级。


  He couldn’t be happier when hearing the news.


  He is the taller of the two.


  两者比较,且给出比较范围时,比较级前加the。


  Less + adj.为否定的比较级。


  You are less practical than Jim.


  c. 变名词


  -ness/ -ity...


  考点四:名词


  主要考察:


  a. 复数


  Medium --- media


  Phenomenon --- phenomena


  Criterion --- criteria 标准


  Crisis --- crises


  Basis --- bases


  Fish 1. 鱼(条数)单复数同形 2. 种类 -es


  There are three fish in the bowl.


  There are three fishes in the bowl.


  A school of fish 一群鱼


  He goes there on Sundays.


  b. 变形容词


  -ly


  -y


  Secretly adv.


  考点五:动词


  主要考察:


  a. 时态 (三单、现在分词、过去分词)


  b. 语态


  c. 变名词、动名词


  Avoid doing


  Practice doing


  Imagine doing


  d. 不定式


  目的状语


  结果状语


  e. 定语


  主谓用现在分词、动宾用过去分词。


  f. 状语


  主谓用现在分词、动宾用过去分词。


  g. 补语


  主谓用现在分词、动宾用过去分词。


  With his eyes fixed on the map, he murmured something to himself.


  Fix one’s eyes on sth


  考点六: 悬垂分词/ 形容词做状语


  Aimed at/ lost in/ determined to do/ dressed in/ judging by / provided


  Aimed at a new bilateral relationship, the president paid a state visit to China.


  Given his age, the old man was quite strong.


  上述讲解为方便起见,并未对诸如动名词和现在分词、关系代词和连接代词、悬垂分词和形容词做状语等知识点加以区分。敬请注意



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